Friday, 28 September 2018

Contents

Site in construction.

Information provided in this website aims to promote rejuvenation and replanting of senile coconut plantations in the Pacific region using preferably local coconut varieties. It includes mother palm selections; nursery management and support for establishment of pilot nurseries; promotion of farming systems (including agro-forestry) technologies as a means of optimising land use, enhance multi-cropping in contrast to mono-cropping and improving livelihood opportunities for farming households including rural women.

Varieties for replanting
New tool for calculating the number of seednuts needed at national level 
Preparation of the world first regional coconut varietal contest!
COGENT recommendations about planting material
Variety, Cultivar, Population and Accession, what does it mean?
The world catalogue of coconut conserved germplasm
List of germplasm conserved in ex situ coconut genebanks
Tall varieties
Dwarf and Compact Dwarf varieties
Hybrids Dwarf x Tall, Tall x Tall and Dwarf x Dwarf


Selection of mother palms and seednuts

Cut all old coconut palms and replant
Replant only improductive palms
Replant in the interow and cut old palms later
Selling coconut hearts (Chou coco or millionnaire's salad) to largely cover the costs of slaughtering senile coconut palms and replanting young palms.
Farming systems
How to kill old and unproductive coconut palms in an organic way without sawing?


Organic management of coconut plantations
Coconut genebanks for seednut production
General principles for setting up a new coconut genebank
A "golden rule" for coconut genebanks


Overview by countries (proposal)
As debated in the Global Strategy for conservation and use of genetic resources, it seems possible to estimate roughly the number of coconut palms planted yearly at the global level. Coconut is cultivated as a crop on 12 million hectares, totaling approximately 1.44 billion palms, based on the likely average population density of 120 palms/ha. If we assume that coconut palms are replanted on average every 50 years, we can estimate that at least 28.9 million coconut palms (1/50, so 2%) need to be replanted each year simply to maintain a constant cultivated area. In fact the coconut area is presently increasing. Moreover, this first estimation does not take into account that a significant percentage of existing palms are already senile (more than 50 years old) and need to be replaced as soon as possible. Thus, this first estimation will have to be refined at the Pacific regional level, and for each Pacific country involved in CIDP project.

To give an estimate of the number of seednuts needed at the countries level, and provide information on where to find good seednuts.

Production of coconut by ACP Pacific countries as estimated by FAO
and planning by country (the seven countries supposed to be visited are in bold)

 Cook Islands
 Federated States of Micronesia
 Fiji
 Kiribati
 Marshall Islands
 Nauru
 Niue
 Palau
 Papua New Guinea
 Samoa
 Solomon Islands
 Timor-Leste
 Tonga
 Tuvalu
 Vanuatu




Other useful tools
Developing coconut "sanctuaries", coconut eco-museum and spice gardens in the Pacific region.



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