Thursday, 30 November 2017

Varieties and palms identified in Fiji in 2017 and 2013

Recent surveys contributed to identify:

Recent surveys conducted by Vijendra Kumar and Roland bourdeix contributed to identify the following varieties::

- Many varieties of amazing Compact Dwarfs, red and yellow colors, that could be used as pure varietes and/or as parents for new hybrids made with varieties 100% of Fijian origin. We suggest to plant these varieties in an isolated block, such as a plot surrounded by genebank plot for beadfruit or mango or medicinal trees, so new hybrids could be produced soon by assisted pollination, bringing pollen of Rotuma of Fijian talls.
- a new form of Niu leka/compact Green Dwarf having very special fruits with very long nipple. At this time we found only one palms, survey must be continued to find more
- Interesting new Dwarfs from Kioa Island. Kioa is one of the two Fijian island populated by people originating from Tuvalu (the other one is Rambi). It seems that Tuvaluans brought a special green dwarf from Tuvalu. We learned that this green dwarf could also be available in Veisari settlement  near Suva. We also found a Green coconut palm with rather slow growth and fruits having the sweet husk Characteristics (Husk of the young fruits can be chewed lake sugar cane).
- A Fijian Tall with special characteristics producing a large number of medium dark green coloured fruits fruits. On viti levu, the Fijian talls population looks phenotypically homogeneous and are probably  more of lesss inbred, resulting on a decreased productivity. Anyway in one place, we found a population of green tall having interesting characteristics. We suggest to collect this population usinfg a biased sampling method: 
Select 40 to 50 palms having dark green colour and make observation to characterize their growth and fruits characteristics. Select the one with reduced growth and thinner husk. The latest can be done by analysing the fruits, or more simply by pressing the tip of a knife to estimate the husk thickness.
- Another Fijian tall population having dwarf characteristics. In Vanua Levu on the way to Kioa island, we identify a surprising Tall population. Bunches and fruits looks like ordinary Fijian stall, but the stem is thin. Under heavy rain, we made three measurements; Length of 11 leaf scars was 32 cm (one palm), and diameter at 20 cm from the ground was 73 and 81 cm. We do not know if this characteristics is a genetic traits or if it is only due to the planting methods or special environmental connditions. This population 

Methods for collecting seednuts
We started to test the method consisting in ordering seednuts or seedlings to gardeners and farmers. Seednuts are paid 2 FJD and Seedlings 2.5 FJD. We gave the farmers 25 or 20 FJD each corresponding to an order of  10 Seednuts or seedlings. Receipt include the name and phone number of the palm owner, and the phone number of the ministry officer (Vijendra). When the planting material is ready, farmers are supposed to call the officer.

List of putative planting material

Here is a list of varieties and palms identified in 2017 and 2013 . Measurements should be undertaken on these palms, as indicated in the notes.

Latitude and longitude are expressed in decimal degrees. They can be copied and paste in the free software Google Earth in order to immediately visualize the location.


Survey November 2012-Vanua Levu (by V. Kumar and R. Bourdeix,)
to be completed

Picture 1
Picture 2
Latitude
and
longitude
2017VJ001 – Red Compact Dwarf. Dna. 10 Seedlings ordered.



0
2017VJ002 – Yellow Compact Dwarf. Dna. 10 Seedlings ordered.




0
2017VJ003 – Red Compact Dwarf with rather thin stem and no bole. Dna. No seednuts ordered.0
EE
Ee
0
Ee2017VJ004 – Yellow Red Compact Dwarf with pointed fruits and thick stem. Dna. 10 Seedlings ordered0
EE
Ee
0
Ee2017VJ005 – Red compact Dwarf. with bicolour young fruits. Dna.0
ee
Ee
0
Ee2017VJ006 – Red compact Dwarf. with bicolour young fruits. Dna.Ee
Ee
Ee
18.054489 -78.679177
2017VJ007 – Red yellow compact Dwarf. with bicolour young fruits. Dna.
Ee
Ee
18.054393 -78.679097
2017VJ008 – Red yellow compact Dwarf. with bicolour young fr
Ee
Ee
S18.054288 E178.679388
2017VJ009 – Red yellow compact Dwarf. with bicolour young fruits. Dna.
Ee
Ee

2017VJ010 – Red compact Dwarf. Dna
Ee
Ee
S18.054288 E178.679388
Survey November 2012-Vanua Levu (by R. Bourdeix, V. Kumar and T. Kete)
to be completed

Picture 1
Picture 2
Latitude
and
longitude
RBFJ001- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for DNA, need to be done.


-17,85794  177,35903
RBFJ002- A Compact Dwarf with  large yellow pointed fruits. Not yet sampled for DNA, need to be done.


RBFJ003- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for
Ee
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RBFJ004- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for
Ee
ee
RBFJ005- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for
ee
ee
RBFJ001- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for
ee
ee
RBFJ001- A Compact Dwarf with an amazing and never seen colour, well different from other red Dwarf, and very tasty tendernuts. Not yet sampled for
ee
ee



Picture 1
Picture 2
Latitude
and
longitude

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0

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